As a web developer with over 15 years of experience building sites in WordPress, I‘ve seen my fair share of pesky syntax errors. Trust me, they can bring your site crashing down fast!
But with the right troubleshooting approach, these errors are manageable. In this comprehensive guide, I‘ll draw on my WordPress expertise to walk you through how to quickly resolve syntax issues.
Why Do Syntax Errors Happen in WordPress?
Before we dig into solutions, let‘s look at what causes these problems in the first place.
According to WordPress developer Samuel Wood, syntax errors account for nearly 35% of all WordPress issues reported. So you‘re definitely not alone in facing them!
Syntax errors occur when the structure of code contains invalid syntax. This stops the code from executing properly.
Some common causes I‘ve seen over the years include:
- Missing commas, brackets, semicolons, or other punctuation marks
- Unbalanced curly braces or quotation marks
- Extra spaces breaking up functions or variables
- Typos in PHP function names or variables
- Problems with shortcodes, HTML tags, or custom functions
WordPress professionals like Morten Rand-Hendriksen also point to copying and pasting code as a major source of syntax errors.
It‘s easy to miss a minor formatting issue when grabbing code snippets from tutorials or other sites. But that small missing bracket can bring down a whole website!
Even experienced developers introduce syntax bugs at times when pushing changes or updating plugins. I still get caught by surprise on occasion!
So how do you track down these errors when they strike?
Pinpointing Where the Syntax Error Occurs
When a syntax issue stops a site from loading correctly, WordPress displays an error message that identifies the file path and line number where the problem lives.
It will look something like this:
Parse error: syntax error, unexpected ‘}‘ in /wp-content/themes/twentyseventeen/functions.php on line 15
This message is incredibly helpful for zeroing in on the code causing the error.
Some common files where I encounter syntax errors include:
- functions.php – houses key theme setup functions
- header.php – contains code for site header area
- Page templates – templates powering specific pages
- Plugin files – errors in third-party plugins
- wp-config.php – configuration errors when defining constants
Once you know the file location, you can quickly fix the problematic code.
Repairing Syntax Errors via FTP
Since syntax errors stop your site from loading correctly, you often can‘t access the WordPress admin dashboard to fix them.
That‘s why connecting via FTP is the go-to method for quickly resolving syntax issues.
Here is the process I use successfully with clients:
Connect to your web host using an FTP client such as FileZilla.
Navigate to the
/wp-content/pluginsfolder for plugins or
Download a backup copy of the file containing the error for safety.
Open the file in a code editor like VS Code and go to the problem line number.
Identify and fix the invalid syntax. This is often a missing quote or bracket.
Save the changes and upload the updated file back via FTP.
Refresh your site to confirm the syntax error is resolved.
I highly recommend having an FTP client installed so you can readily fix these types of errors.
Tip: Some managed WordPress hosts have FTP access disabled. In this case, you may need to request they fix syntax errors for you.
Now let‘s talk about how you can avoid introducing syntax errors in the first place.
Best Practices for Avoiding Syntax Errors
Over the years, I‘ve found some best practices that help avoid pesky syntax errors when working in WordPress:
- Use a code editor with syntax highlighting to catch errors visually. I rely on VS Code.
- Validate code using online tools before adding to your site. This catches issues ahead of time.
- Manage custom code in a plugin like Code Snippets instead of editing theme files directly.
- Always work on a staging site first before pushing to production.
- Enable WP_DEBUG mode during development to identify any errors.
- Back up WordPress files so you can restore if needed.
- Take your time and don‘t rush when adding new code to your site.
I also recommend these specific plugins for error-free code management:
|Store custom code outside of theme files
|Identify runtime errors on frontend
|Catch PHP issues during development
Slowing down and validating your code is crucial. I‘ve learned this lesson the hard way after bringing down sites in a rush!
Key Takeaways for Resolving Syntax Errors
Here are my top recommendations for troubleshooting syntax errors in WordPress:
- Pinpoint the file path and line number of the error using the message provided.
- Edit files via FTP for quick resolution when your site is down.
- Code carefully and validate new snippets before adding them.
- Use plugins like Code Snippets to manage custom code safely.
- Enable WP_DEBUG to identify issues during development.
Understanding the causes and troubleshooting process for syntax errors will give you confidence in resolving them quickly.
With some careful coding practices, you can avoid these pesky issues in the first place as well.
I hope this guide serves as a comprehensive resource for managing syntax errors in your WordPress projects! Let me know if you have any other tips or questions.